An exploration on the use of realia-mediated instruction for teaching English for young learners

Sarfita Br Sitepu, Lemmuela Alvita Kurniawati


This study aims to investigate how teachers and young learners use realia in a private English course in the Indonesian context and to explore the viewpoints of teachers on using realia for young learners’ learning English. To gather the data, this study employed a qualitative research method with interpretivism paradigm. Three English teachers in a private English course involved in this study. To gain rich data, interviews with three English teachers and observations in Kids classes were conducted. Two themes emerged for research question 1 were realia is used to teach vocabulary and realia is used to assess students understanding. Three emerging themes for research question 2 were realia helps students engaged in learning process, realia helps students maximize their multi-sensory English learning experience, and realia increases students communication skill. Implications and recommendations were provided and further elaborated based on the results of the study.


private English course, realia, young learners

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RILL is a journal of first and second (foreign) language learning and teaching such as Javanese, Sundanese, Bahasa Indonesia, English, Arabic, Malay, etc. with p-ISSN 2614-5960 and e-ISSN 2615-4137