Hubungan Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja dan Etos Kerja terhadap Keterikatan Kerja Pada Karyawan Generasi Z

Muhammad Qoes Atieq

Abstract


Abstract. The purpose of this study was to see the relationship between quality of life and work ethic on work attachment to employees creating Z. This type of research is quantitative research on emerging research. Retrieval of data using a questionnaire that is conducted online. The population in this study was 115 alumni of FSEI IAIN Syekh Nurjati who had worked and the sample used was 40 people. Test the hypothesis analysis using product display analysis. The results showed that the variables of the quality of work-life with work attachments and the relationship between work ethics and work attachments had a positive relationship. This positive relationship is indicated by a significance value of 0.000 which is smaller than the alpha value of 0.05 so that there is a relationship between the two variables. While the degree of relationship between these variables is moderately indicated by the Pearson correlation values of 0.463 and 0.393.

 

Keywords:Quality of Work Life, Work Ethic, Work Attachments, and Generation Z

 

Abstrak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan kualitas kehidupan kerja dan etos kerja terhadap keterikatan kerja pada karyawan generasi Z. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif spesifik pada penelitian korelasi. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner yang dilakukan secara online. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah alumni FSEI IAIN Syekh Nurjati yang sudah bekerja  dengan sampel yang digunakan adalah sebanyak 40 orang. Uji analisis hipotesisnya dengan menggunakan analisis korelasi product momment. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwasanya variabel kualitas kehidupan kerja dengan keterikatan kerja serta hubungan etos kerja dan keterikatan kerja mempunyai hubungan yang positif. Hubungan positif tersebut ditunjukkan dengan nilai signifikasi sebesar 0,000 yang bearti lebih kecil dari nilai alpha sebesar 0,05, sehingga terdapat hubungan antara kedua variabel. Sedangkan derajat hubungan antar variabel tersebut bersifat sedang ditunjukkan dengan nilai pearson correlation sebesar 0,463 dan 0,393.

 

Katakunci: Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja, Etos Kerja, Keterikatan kerja, dan  Generasi Z


Keywords


Quality of Work Life, Work Ethic; Work Attachments;Generation Z

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adi, P. R. P., & Indrawati, K. R. (2019). Perbedaan Keterikatan Kerja berdasarkan Generasi Kerja Karyawan pada Perusahaan Berkonsep THK ditinjau dari Etos Kerja. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 46-57.

Albrecht, S. L. (2010). Handbook of employee engagement. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

Alqarni, S. A. Y. (2016). Quality of work life as a predictor of work engagement among the teaching faculty at king abdulaziz university. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 6(8), 118-135.

Bakker, A. B., & Leiter, M. P. (Eds.). (2010). Work engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research. New York: Psychology Press

Bakker, A., & Demerouti, E. (2017). Job Demands-Resources Theory: Taking Stock and Looking Forward. Occupational Health Psychology, 22, 273-285.

Bakker, A.B. & Schaufeli, W.B. (2008). Work engagement: An emerging concept in occupational health psychology. Journal of Managerial Psychology.

Bascha. (2011). Z: The open source generation. Diakses 20 Agustus 2019 dari http://opensource.com/business/11/9/z-open-source-generation.

Bencsik, A., & Machova, R. (2016). Knowledge Sharing Problems from the Viewpoint of Intergeneration Management. In ICMLG2016 - 4th International Conferenceon Management, Leadership and Governance: ICMLG2016 (p.42). Academic Conferences and publishing limited.

Bencsik, A., Csikos, G., & Juhaz, T. (2016). Y and Z Generations at Workplaces. Journal of Competitiveness, 8(3), 90–106.

Cascio, W.F. (2006). Managing Human Resources : Productivity, Quality of Life, Profits. McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Cascio, Wayne F. (2003). Managing Human Resources. Colorado: Mc Graw –Hill.

Chester, E. (2007). Reviving work ethic. Austin: Greenleaf Book Group Pres

Cooper, D.R. dan Schindler, P.S. (2014). Business Research Methods, 12th ed., New York: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.

Czerw, A., & Grabowski, D. (2015). Work attitudes and work ethic as predictors. Polish

Deloitte.(2017). The 2017 Deloitte Millennial Survey: Apprehensive Stability and Opportunities in an Uncertain World. Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited.

Dolot, A. (2018). The characteristic of Generation Z, “e-mentor”, s. 44–50,

Easton, S. & Van Laar, D. (2018). User Manual for the Work-Related Quality of Life (WRQoL) Scale A Measure of Quality of Working Life. University of Portsmouth : British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data

Fiorito, J., Bozeman, D., Young, A., & Meurs, J. (2007). Organizational Commitment, Human Resource Practices, and Organizational Characteristics. Journal of Managerial Issues, 19 (2): 186-207.

Fitria, Y., & Linda, MR., (2020). Kepuasan Kerja: Sebagai Variabel Mediasi Hubungan Antara Employee Engagement dan Organizational Commitment. Jurnal Inspirasi Bisnis dan Manajemen, Vol 4, (1)

Gujarati, D. N. (2013). Dasar-dasar Ekonometrika, Edisi Kelima. Mangunsong, R. C. penerjemah. Jakarta: Salemba Empat

Half, R. (2015). Get ready for generation. Diakses 20 Agustus 2019 dari http://www.roberthalf.com/workplace-research/get-ready-for-generation-z.

Ismainar, H. (2015). Manajemen unit kerja. Sleman: Deeppublish.

Istijanto, (2006). Riset Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta : Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kanten, S. & Sadullah, O. (2012). An empirical research on relationship kualitas kehidupan kerja and keterikatan kerja. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 62, 360-366.

Knoll. (2014). What comes after Y? Generation Z: Arriving to the office soon. Diakses 20 Agustus 2019 dari https://www.knoll.com/media/340/742/Infographic_Generation_Z_3pgs.pdf

Luthans, F. (2006). Perilaku organisasi. Yogyakarta : Penebit Andi.

Macey, W., H., & Schneider, B. (2008). The meaning of employee engagement, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 1, No. 1, Hal. 3-30.

Mann, MJ. (2010). A quantitative and qualitative analysis identifying antecedents of work ethic beliefs and the relationship between work ethic beliefs and in-role and extra-role work behavior: New work ethic dimensions and scale introduced. Diunduh pada 8 Mei 2020 , dari ProQuest Disertation and Theses Database.

Marciano, Paul L. (2010). Carrots and Sticks Don’t Work Build a Culture of Employee Engagement with the Principles of RESPECT. Mexico : McGraw Hill.

Marri, M. Y. K., Sadozai, A. M., Zaman, H. M. F., & Ramay, M. I. (2012). The impact of Islamic work ethic on job satisfaction and organizational commitment: A study of Agricultural Sector of Pakistan. International Journal of Business and Behavioural Sciences, 2(12), 32- 45

McCrindle, M. (2006). New generations at work: attracting, recruiting, retaining, and training generation y. Australia: McCrindle Research Online.

Meriac, J. P., Woehr, D. J., Gorman, C. A., & Thomas, A. L. E. (2013). Development and validation of a short form for the multidimensional work ethic profile. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82(3), 155–164

Miller, M.J., Woehr, D.J., & Hudspeth, N. (2002). The Meaning and Measurement of Work Ethic: Construction and Initial Validation of a Multidimensional Inventory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60, 451-489.

Putra, Y. S. (2016). Theoritical Review: Teori Perbandingan Generasi. Among Makarti, 9/No. 18, 123–134.

Rose, Raduan Che, LooSee Beh, Jegak Uli and Khairuddin Idris. (2006). An Analysis of Quality Work of Life and Caree-Related Variables. American Journal of Applied Science.Vol.3., No.12, pp.2151-2159.

Ruebusch, P. (2003). Going from “good to great”. Canadian Transportation & Logistics, 106, 14.

Sahni, J. (2019). Role of Quality of Work Life in Determining Employee Engagement and Organizational Commitment in Telecom industry. International Journal for Quality Research. 13(2) 284-300.

Saks, A.M. (2006). Antecedent and consecuences of employee engagement, Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 21. No.7, hal 600-619.

Salahudina, Shahrul Nizam bin., Mohd Nur Ruzainy bin Alwia, Siti Sarah binti Baharuddina, Siti Syafina binti Halimat. (2016). The Relationship between Work Ethics and Job Performance, Proceedings, 3rd International Conference on Business and Economics, 21 - 23 September, 465-471

Saraji,. G. Nasl & Dargahi, H. (2006). Study of Quality of Work Life (QWL). Irian Journal Public Health, 35, 8–14

Schaufeli, W.B., & Bakker, A.B. (2003). UWES–Utrecht Work Engagement Scale: Test manual. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Sinamo, J. (2013). 8 Etos kerja profesional 11 ed. Jakarta: Insitut Darma Mahardik.

Singh, AP. & Dangmei, J. (2016). Understanding The Generation Z : The Future Workforce. South-Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies (SAJMS), Volume 3 No 3.

Sofyanty, D. (2016). Pengaruh kecerdasan emosional dan etos kerja terhadap keterikatan kerja broker PT Monex Investindo Future. KNIT-2 Nusa Mandiri, 363-370.

Solnet, D., Baum, T., Robinson, R., Lockstone-Binney, L. (2016). What about the workers? Roles and skills for employees in hotels of the future. J. Vacation Mark. 22 (3), 212–226.

Tasmara, T. (2002). Membudayakan Etos Kerja. Yogyakarta: Gema Insani.

Tulgan, B. (2013). How to bring out the best in today's talent. Professional Safety, 58(10), 38-40.

Turner, A. (2015). Generation Z: Technology and social interest. Journal of Individual Psychology, 71(2), 103-113.

Zorn, R. (2017). Coming in 2017: A new generation of graduate students – The generation Z. College & University, 92(1), 61-63.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33603/jibm.v4i2.3981

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Inspirasi Bisnis dan Manajemen is published by Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0.

View My Stats