PENGARUH INTERAKSI, KEHADIRAN PENGAJAR DAN KEHADIRAN SOSIAL TERHADAP KEPUASAN PEMBELAJARAN ONLINE PADA MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMA NEGERI 13 SURABAYA PADA MASA COVID-19

Nabila Devi Indah Sari, Riza Yonisa Kurniawan

Sari


Abstract

Online learning satisfaction in students is the most important thing in determining a successful learning, learning satisfaction can be influenced by interaction, the presence of teachers, and social presence. Good online learning will support student learning satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to analyze whether there was an effect of interaction, teacher presence and social presence on online learning satisfaction in economic subjects at SMA Negeri 13 Surabaya during the Covid-19 period. The research subjects in this study were class X and XI IPS SMA Negeri 13 Surabaya which contained economic subjects with a total of 271 students. Data were collected using an instrument in the form of a questionnaire. The data analysis in this study used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using the WarpPLS version 7.0 software. The results of this study indicate that (1) The interaction has a significant effect on online learning satisfaction. (2) The interaction has a significant effect on social presence, (3) The presence of the teacher has no effect on online learning satisfaction (4) the presence of the teacher has a significant effect on social presence and (5) Social presence has a significant effect on online learning satisfaction. (6) significant interaction has an indirect effect on online learning satisfaction through social presence. (7) The presence of the teacher indirectly has no significant effect on online learning satisfaction through social presence.

Keywords: Interaction, Teacher Attendance, Social Presence, and Online Learning Satisfaction

 


Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Abas, Z. W., & Fadzil, M. (2009). Towards a More Effective Engagement of Learners and Tutors in Online Discussion Forums. Asian Association of Open Universities Journal, 4(1), 60–67. https://doi.org/10.1108/aaouj-04-01-2009-b005

Adkins, M., & Bryant, J. (2011). 2011 White Paper: Online Student Readiness as a Predictor of Online Student Satisfaction. Noel-Levitz.

Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2009). Learning on Demand Online Education in the United States, 2009. In Sloan-C.

Alqurashi, E. (2019). Predicting student satisfaction and perceived learning within online learning environments. Distance Education, 40(1), 133–148. https://doi.org/10.1080/01587919.2018.1553562

Alsadoon, E. (2018). The impact of social presence on learners’ satisfaction in mobile learning. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 17(1), 226–233.

Anderson, T., Rourke, L., Garrison, D. R., & Archer, W. (2001). Assessing teaching presence in a computer conferencing context. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Network. https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v5i2.1875

Baber, H. (2020). Determinants of students’ perceived learning outcome and satisfaction in online learning during the pandemic of COVID19. Journal of Education and E-Learning Research, 7(3), 285–292. https://doi.org/10.20448/JOURNAL.509.2020.73.285.292

Battalio, J. (2007). Interaction online: A reevaluation. Quarterly Review of Distance Education.

Berge, Z. L. (2008). Changing instructor’s roles in virtual worlds. Quarterly Review of Distance Education.

Bolliger, D. U. (2004). Key factors for determining student satisfaction in online courses. International Journal on E-Learning.

Bowers, J., & Kumar, P. (2015). Students’ perceptions of teaching and social presence: A comparative analysis of face-to-face and online learning environments. International Journal of Web-Based Learning and Teaching Technologies. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijwltt.2015010103

Bozkaya, M., Erdem Aydin, I., & Genc Kumtepe, E. (2012). Research trends and issues in educational technology: A content analysis of tojet (2008-2011). In Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (Vol. 11, Issue 2).

Coppola, N. W., Hiltz, S. R., & Rotter, N. G. (2002). Becoming a virtual professor: Pedagogical roles and asynchronous learning networks. Journal of Management Information Systems. https://doi.org/10.1080/07421222.2002.11045703

Eom, S. B., Wen, H. J., & Ashill, N. (2006). The Determinants of Students’ Perceived Learning Outcomes and Satisfaction in University Online Education: An Empirical Investigation*. Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4609.2006.00114.x

Garrison, D. R. (2019). ONLINE COMMUNITY OF INQUIRY REVIEW: SOCIAL, COGNITIVE, AND TEACHING PRESENCE ISSUES. Online Learning. https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v11i1.1737

Garrison, D. Randy, & Arbaugh, J. B. (2007). Researching the community of inquiry framework: Review, issues, and future directions. Internet and Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2007.04.001

Goodyear, P., Salmon, G., Spector, J. M., Steeples, C., & Tickner, S. (2001). Competences for online teaching: A special report. In Educational Technology Research and Development. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02504508

Gray, G. R. H. (1977). The social psychology of telecommunications. Telecommunications Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-5961(77)90016-7

Gunawardena, C. (1995). Social presence theory and implications of interaction and collaborative learning in computer conferencing. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0420.2011.01694.x

Gunawardena, C. N., & Zittle, F. J. (1997). Social presence as a predictor of satisfaction within a computer–mediated conferencing environment. International Journal of Phytoremediation. https://doi.org/10.1080/08923649709526970

Horzum, M. B. (2015). Interaction, structure, social presence, and satisfaction in online learning. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 11(3), 505–512. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2014.1324a

Jung, I., Choi, S., Lim, C., & Leem, J. (2002). Effects of different types of interaction on learning achievement, satisfaction and participation in web-based instruction. Innovations in Education and Teaching International. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703290252934603

Kara, M. (2020). Distance education: a systems view of online learning. Educational Review. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2020.1766204

Ke, F., & Kwak, D. (2013). Constructs of student-centered online learning on learning satisfaction of a diverse online student body: A structural equation modeling approach. Journal of Educational Computing Research. https://doi.org/10.2190/EC.48.1.e

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan » Republik Indonesia. (n.d.). Retrieved January 4, 2021, from https://www.kemdikbud.go.id/main/blog/2020/03/cegah-sebaran-covid19-di-satuan-pendidikan-kemendikbud-gandeng-swasta-siapkan-solusi-belajar-darin

Kim, J., Kwon, Y., & Cho, D. (2011). Investigating factors that influence social presence and learning outcomes in distance higher education. Computers and Education, 57(2), 1512–1520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.02.005

Kuo, Y. C., Walker, A. E., Belland, B. R., & Schroder, K. E. E. (2013). A predictive study of student satisfaction in online education programs. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(1), 16–39. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v14i1.1338

Kuo, Y. C., Walker, A. E., Belland, B. R., Schroder, K. E. E., & Kuo, Y. T. (2014). A case study of integrating interwise: Interaction, internet self-efficacy, and satisfaction in synchronous online learning environments. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v15i1.1664

Kuo, Y. C., Walker, A. E., Schroder, K. E. E., & Belland, B. R. (2014). Interaction, Internet self-efficacy, and self-regulated learning as predictors of student satisfaction in online education courses. Internet and Higher Education, 20, 35–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2013.10.001

M. N., M. K., & Quick, D. (2016). Teaching Presence Influencing Online Students’ Course Satisfaction at an Institution of Higher Education. International Education Studies, 9(3), 62. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n3p62

Mahmood, A., Mahmood, S. T., & Malik, A. B. (2012). A comparative study of student satisfaction level in distance learning and live classroom at higher education level. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.41382

Moore, G., & Seiberg, N. (1989). Classical and quantum conformal field theory. Communications in Mathematical Physics. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01238857

Moore, J. (2014). Effects of Online Interaction and Instructor Presence on Students ’ Satisfaction and Success with Online Undergraduate Public Relations Courses. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077695814536398

Moore, J. L., Dickson-Deane, C., & Galyen, K. (2011). E-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same? Internet and Higher Education, 14(2), 129–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.10.001

Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (2005). Distance education: A systems view (2nd ed.). In Distance education: A systems view.

Moore, M., & Kearsley, G. (1996). The distance education student. In Distance Education: A Systems View.

Moore, Michael G., & Kearsley, G. (1996). Fundamentals of Distance Education. In Distance Education: A System View.

Moore, Michael G, & Kearsley, G. (1996). Moore Theoretical Basis for Distance Education.pdf. In Distance Education.

Pahlevi, T., Hakim, L., Sudarwanto, T., Pendidikan, P. S., Pendidikan, P. S., Pendidikan, P. S., Perkantoran, A., Ekonomi, F., Ekonomi, F., Ekonomi, F., Surabaya, U. N., Surabaya, U. N., Surabaya, N., Ketintang, J., Ketintang, J., Ketintang, J., Kurniawan, R. Y., Trisnawati, N., Pendidikan, P. S., … Ketintang, J. (2020). Edukasi Pencegahan Penyebaran Covid-19 Melalui Peningkatan Gizi untuk Menjaga Imunitas Masyarakat Terdampak 1Triesninda. 1, 18–25. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.26740/abi.v1i3.10308

Parker, E. B., Short, J., Williams, E., & Christie, B. (1978). The Social Psychology of Telecommunications. Contemporary Sociology. https://doi.org/10.2307/2065899

Patricia Aguilera-Hermida, A. (2020). College students’ use and acceptance of emergency online learning due to COVID-19. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 100011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100011

Reio, T. G., & Crim, S. J. (2013). Social Presence and Student Satisfaction as Predictors of Online Enrollment Intent. American Journal of Distance Education, 27(2), 122–133. https://doi.org/10.1080/08923647.2013.775801


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Edunomic by http://jurnal.unswagati.ac.id/index.php/Edunomic

Edunomic : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Ekonomi Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

Copyright © Edunomic : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Ekonomi Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

All rights reserved. p-ISSN 2337-571X | e-ISSN 2541-562X